The study of volatile compounds of Parmelia perlata thallus

Authors: I.O. Zhuravel, O.A. Kyslychenko, V.V. Hutsol, V.V. Protska,

Resume

Parmelia perlata lichens (Parmeliaperlata(Huds.) Ach.) is a wide-spread type of symbiosis between a fungi and algae or cyanobacteria. Due to the literature data, Parmelia perlata extracts show diuretic, antiviral, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activities.

The qualitativecompositionandthe quantitativecontentofParmeliaperlatathallusvolatilecompounds was studied by gas chromatography techniques. Plant raw material was harvested in Kazakhstan.

32 volatile compounds were identified as the result of the analysis. Their total content was 1259.00 mg/kg. Carbonic acids and their esters dominated due to their quantitative content (886.00 mg/kg).

Borneol, limonene, camphor, pulegone and thymol were identified among terpene compounds. Terpene compounds total content equaled 44.00 mg/kg. Borneol accumulated at the highest amount (25.00 mg/kg).

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