Gait abnormalities in functional problems of the lower extremities and in neurological diseases

personАвтори: M. Becheva

Abstract:

Gait is a complex, automated and stereotyped motor activity that allows for movement of the body in an upright position. The investigation of gait is an integral part of the pathokinesiological study of the functional problems in any of the segments of the lower limbs. As the stereotype of walking changes at departure, stopping, turning, walking alongside another one, gait should be examined in different situations. In functional problems of the lower limbs and in some neurological diseases,the following abnormal gaits are detected: arthrogenic gait in extensional contractures of the hip or knee, walking in flexion contractures, „Gluteus maximus“ gait, „Gluteus medius“gait, ataxic gait, hemiparetic (hemiplegic) gait, gait in parkinsonism, gait in paresis of plantar flexor, lameness in spasm of m. psoas major, gait in insufficiency of m. quadriceps femoris, gait in shortening of a lower limb, steppagegait and scissor gait. Adjusting abnormal gait is especially important to improve the functional condition of the patients in view of procuring a better quality of life.

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